Hegel and the Republican Thinking


The philosophical system of Hegel greatly affected theoreticians representing various trends in reflection on politics. Some thinkers regarded him as a predecessor of the future proletarian revolution, others as a reactionary and ideologist of authoritarian governments. He was perceived as a liberal thinker, a conservative, and even a founding father of totalitarianism. It is difficult, however, to find an author who would associate Hegel’s thoughts with the republican tradition. The author of this article tries to pursue this task. At first sight, Hegel does not offer any analysis of the republic. His main topic is the state, understood very broadly as a political unity and totality – as a living ethical community. Attempts at including Hegel in the classical republican tradition require strong arguments. The first hint is the presence and outstanding importance of Aristotle and Kant in his works. These two names cannot be omitted in republican thought.

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Ilting K.H., Einleitung zu G.W.F. Hegel, Vorlesungen über Rechtsphilosophie 1818–1831, Stuttgart 1962.

Hegel G.W.F., Lectures on the Philosophy of World History, translated by H. B. Nisbet, Cambridge, UK 1975.

Hegel G.W.H., Elements of the Philosophy of Right, edited by Allen W. Wood, translated by H. B. Nisbet, Cambridge 1991.

Hegel G.W.F., Phenomenology of Spirit, translated by Terry Pinkard, Cambridge 2018.

Hegel G.W.F., Lectures on the History of Philosophy, translated by E.S. Haldane and F.H. Simson, with introduction by F.C. Beiser, Lincoln 1995.

Kant I., Groundworks for the Metaphysics of Morals, translated by Mary Gregor, Cambridge 1997.

Kant I., The Metaphysics of Morals, edited by Mary Gregor, Cambridge University Press 1996.

Kant I., Perpetual Peace, translated by M. Campbell Smith, London 1917.

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Marcuse H., Reason and Revolution. Hegel and the Rise of Social Theory, Oxford 1941.

Popper K., The Open Society and Its Enemies, Princeton 2020.

Russel B., History of Western Philosophy, London 1962.

Toppitsch E., Die Sozialphilosophie Hegels als Heilslehre und Herrschaftsideologie, Neuwied/Berlin 1967.

Opublikowane : 2022-03-16

Stawrowski, Z. (2022). Hegel and the Republican Thinking. Studia Polityczne, 49(4), 159-175. https://doi.org/10.35757/STP.2021.49.4.07

Zbigniew Stawrowski  z.stawrowski@uksw.edu.pl
Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego  Polska